Essay as basic genre of journalism

Modern life is difficult to imagine without the influence of the media, since they have become one of the most important phenomena of the social world. Journalism, like never before, remains the most relevant link between the individual and society, between different spheres of social life. One of the most famous and common genres of journalism is an article. For many decades, since the appearance of journalistic activity, the articles were the main sources of news and important information for society. With the development of technologies, the genres of journalism began to expand, as radio and television appeared, for which individual subjects were recorded and filmed. But the article as a genre of journalism has still not lost its relevance. For today, paper newspapers and magazines, as a way of extracting new information, are outdated, but on the Internet platforms journalists continue to write for their audience, sometimes writing their texts in the essay service.

Why does the genre of the article continue to be relevant and why is the reader so captivated?

Before we understand what the article is, let’s see what the term “genre” in journalism means. Genre can be called types of journalistic work, which are related by similar content and formal characteristics. Despite the established genre system, in journalism changes often occur, associated with the emergence of new genres at a critical time for social life.

The article is distinguished by an in-depth analysis of the facts

Also two or more genres can merge into something new, fresh and interesting for the reader. This becomes one of the significant reasons for such changes – the desire of journalists to re-transmit information in a new way, to look at situations from the other side. The reflection of reality, the description of the social problem that is relevant in this period of time, the argumentation of social phenomena, the literate fact and the detailed conception of its presentation to the reader all fully characterize the article as a genre of journalism. From other forms of presenting information, the article is distinguished by a deep analysis of the facts, detailed study and disclosure of the problem, theoretical generalization, the vastness of the conclusions drawn, and the depth of embracing reality. The article has a clear logical sequence with a simple and understandable composition:

Introduction is the formulation of the problem. In the introduction, one specific situation, an event, or several for a visual comparison can be described. This can be a declaration, that is, a statement of the problem in which the author’s promise will be contained to confirm his theses and arguments. Also, the introduction can be in the form of direct / indirect quotation.

Thesis. Here the author denotes and directs the stream of reasoning on the topic. The thesis is the formulation of the problem, which the author will later have to argue. Argumentation, that is, acknowledgment of author’s thoughts and reasoning by concrete facts, as well as references to the opinions of experts on the subject matter for a more complete disclosure of the problem. Ending, in which the author formulates certain conclusions. They can and do not fit into the main article at the discretion of the writer’s essay. Either the author introduces a controversial opinion that can be a good substitute for the conclusion.

Amber Robinson